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Settlement to Mitigate Damages Will Not Preclude Legal Malpractice Action

Prospect Rehabilitation Services, Inc. v. Squitieri, 392 N.J. Super. 157 (App. Div. 2007)
NJ Underlying Commercial Action

Student Contributor: Melissa Goldberg

Facts: Plaintiff sued a nursing home for overpayment of rent and construction advances in an underlying action in which Plaintiff’s lawyer had failed to include a Medicare claim. Plaintiff fired its attorney and tried to, unsuccessfully, amend its complaint in the underlying action to include the Medicare claim. Eventually, Plaintiff settled with the nursing home voluntarily in the underlying action and sued its attorney for malpractice. The trial court dismissed Plaintiff’s legal malpractice complaint because it found Plaintiff settled voluntarily with the nursing home, and thus, was precluded from recouping any additional monies from its attorney. The Plaintiff appealed arguing that it only settled as an attempt to mitigate damages, and that it was not necessary to exhaust all appeals before bringing the malpractice action.

Issue: Whether the Plaintiff could successfully assert a cause of action for malpractice after settling in the underlying action without exhausting all appellate remedies?

Ruling: Yes, Plaintiff could assert a cause of action for legal malpractice against the defendant attorney to recoup damages under the Medicare claim, since:

  1. Plaintiff never represented that the settlement with the nursing home was an acceptable settlement of all of its underlying claims;
  2. Plaintiff entered into the settlement in an effort to mitigate its damages; and,
  3. There is no requirement that all appellate remedies available in an underlying action be exhausted prior to asserting a claim for legal malpractice.

Lesson: As long as a litigant enters into a settlement in the underlying action in an effort to mitigate damages, it does not have to exhaust all appellate remedies prior to asserting a cause of action for legal malpractice.

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Posted in: Commercial, Damages, Mitigation of Damages, New Jersey